"Pharmacognosy" derives from two Greek words, "pharmakon"or drug, and "gnosis" or knowledge. Thus, Pharmacognosy (chemistry and biology of natural products) is the study of natural substances found in terrestrial and marine organisms (plants, animals, or microbes). Pharmacognosy has undergone significant change in recent years and today represents a highly interdisciplinary science which is one of five major areas of pharmaceutical education.
Research in Pharmacognosy
Despite convincing progress in Synthetic Chemistry, plants are the most important sources for preventive and curative medical preparations. WHO has estimated that at least 80% of all the global inhabitants rely on curative medical systems of medicine for their primary health needs and these systems are largely plant based. Research in Pharmacognosy is important because it leads new types of therapeutic moiety; increased understanding of the pharmacological, ecological and biochemical roles of molecules produced by nature; information on herbal medicines; and new methods for the analysis of drugs and herbal formulations. Research in the department of Pharmacognosy focused on analysis of medicinal plants including isolation, purification, identification and structure determination of bioactive substances from plant sources. The major research interests of department include:
- Extraction, isolation and purification of medicinal plants.
- Pharmacognostical and phytochemical studies of some selected medicinal plants.
- Studies on herbal cosmetics.
- Development of stable herbal formulation/Ayurvedic preparation.
- Plant tissue culture.
CharakPharmacognosy and Phytochemistry laboratory is well equipped and ventilated and located on first floor of the building.and provides and contains the necessary equipment needed to conduct research in pharmacognosy.
Subject of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
The subject of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry at undergraduate level included in three year of
- Pharmacognosy I (Second year B. Pharmacy)
- Pharmacognosy II (Third year B. Pharmacy)
- Pharmacognosy III (Final year B. Pharmacy)
- Biotechnology and fermentation process(Final year B. Pharmacy)
Above subjects enables students to acquire knowledge of various aspects such as biogenesis of secondary metabolites of pharmaceutical importance, herbal cosmetics, neutraceuticals, extraction, isolation, standardization, traditional drugs, ayurvedic preparations, study of primary and secondary metabolites, Marine drugs , Allergens, quality control of crude drugs, phytochemical investigation of crude drugs , plant tissue culture, animal tissue culture, fermentation technology etc.